Types of Climbing
Climbing naturally divides into several distinct categories, with each using its own particular techniques, tools, and environments.
- Rock Climbing divides into three separate disciplines:traditional climbing, sport climbing, and bouldering.
- Traditional Climbing is the art of ascending rock walls that are protected with gear that is both placed and removed by the climbing party.
- Sport Climbing, using permanent anchors placed in rock, is a climbing style that emphasizes gymnastic movement, difficulty, and safety.
- Bouldering is the ropeless pursuit of short difficult problems on boulders and small cliffs.
- Top-Rope Climbing is scaling both cliffs and artificial walls with the safety rope always anchored above, creating a safe environment and minimal risk.
- Aid Climbing is ascending steep rock faces with the use of specialized climbing equipment that allows mechanical upward progress rather than free climbing with hands and feet.
- Indoor Climbing is climbing preplaced hand and foot holds that are bolted on artificial walls at indoor climbing gyms.
- Mountaineering is climbing mountain peaks from the Rockies to the Himalayas using both rock and ice climbing skills.
- Ice Climbing is the chilly winter pastime of scaling frozen waterfalls and icy gullies using crampons and ice tools.